Chapter

<span class="smallCaps">Hope</span>

in Imaginative Horizons

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2003 | ISBN: 9780226118734
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226118758 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226118758.003.0005
Hope

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Hope is intimately related to desire. It is desire's passive counterpart, though it is sometimes used as its equivalent. Desire is effective. It presupposes human agency. One acts on desire—even if that act is not to act on desire because one has judged it impossible or prefers the desire to its fulfillment. Hope depends upon some other agency—a god, fate, chance, and other—for its fulfillment. Its evaluation rests on the characterization of that agency. Minkowski's description of hope rests on a division of time that correlates with the tense structure of Indo-European languages, indeed, with tense structure itself. It is one-dimensional, vectorial, divisible, quantifiable, and measurable. The hope and desire of the cultists cannot easily be distinguished from those of the anthropologists. Though, they are placed insistently in the individual, neither desire nor hope can be removed from social engagement and implication.

Keywords: hope; desire; human agency; fate; god; chance

Chapter.  11881 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural Anthropology

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