Chapter

The Great Southwest

in The Constitution in Congress

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780226129167
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226131160 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226131160.003.0005
The Great Southwest

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The Transcontinental Treaty of 1819 led to a boundary between the United States and the Spanish territory at the Sabine River—the western limit of the state of Louisiana. During the Senate debate on the annexation treaty, Thomas Hart Benton repeatedly condemned President Tyler and his subordinates for “lending” the army and navy to Texas to make unauthorized war on Mexico. To minimize friction with Mexico, the joint resolution inviting Texas to apply for statehood expressly left the question for future negotiation. An 1836 Texas statute proclaimed that the republic extended to what was variously known as the Rio Bravo, the Rio del Norte, or the Rio Grande. Mexico, which still claimed Texas as one of its provinces, argued that its southern boundary was the Nueces River whose mouth was 150 miles or so farther north, near the tiny settlement of Corpus Christi.

Keywords: Spanish territory; Sabine River; Texas; Mexico; joint resolution; Nueces River

Chapter.  20948 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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