Colonial Relations and Social Change in Iberia (Seventh to Third Centuries BC)

Joan Sanmartí

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI:
Colonial Relations and Social Change in Iberia (Seventh to Third Centuries BC)

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)


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The word “Iberia” and the ethnonym “Iberes” were used by the ancient Greeks to designate a relatively vast region on the Mediterranean edge of the Iberian Peninsula that extended to the north of Cartagena to the Pyrenees, or even farther. In the second century BC, the term acquired a more general signification and tended to name the whole peninsula. This chapter offers a brief account of the colonial relations that developed in Iberia from the seventh century BC, when Phoenician traders coming from the Straits of Gibraltar area visited its shores for the first time, until the last years of the third century BC, when, as a result of the Second Punic War, the whole area came under the rule of the Roman Republic. It examines the role of colonial trade in the transformation of indigenous Iberian societies in different regions during the period. It emphasizes especially the complex, contingent, and regionally variable relations that developed among Phoenicians, Greeks, and indigenous peoples.

Keywords: Iberia; Iberian Peninsula; Greeks; Phoenicians; indigenous peoples; colonial relations; colonial trade; Straits of Gibraltar; Roman Republic; Second Punic War

Chapter.  15812 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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