Chapter

Colonial Contacts and Protohistoric Indigenous Urbanism on the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

Maria Carme Belarte

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.003.0003
Colonial Contacts and Protohistoric Indigenous Urbanism on the Mediterranean Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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At the end of the eighth century BC, the indigenous populations of the Iberian Peninsula began a period characterized by contacts with other peoples of the Mediterranean. These colonial contacts took a variety of forms, from simple commercial activity initiated by traders (without the foundation of settlements) to the establishment of new colonial settlements with a largely foreign population—as in the case of the Phoenician settlements of the south and southeast of the Peninsula or that of Sa Caleta on the Island of Ibiza. In regard to urbanism and architecture, it is generally accepted that the presence of these settlements resulted in indigenous peoples' adoption of some new elements, such as a rectangular floor plan and buildings with a complex ground plan. This chapter analyzes the current state of research concerning the first urbanism on the Mediterranean peninsular coast, placing emphasis on the significance of the potential role played by the colonial factor—in particular, Phoenician commerce. The discussion is centered on southern Catalonia, but selected sites of the littoral are also examined.

Keywords: Iberian Peninsula; indigenous peoples; urbanism; architecture; Mediterranean; settlements; commerce; Catalonia; colonial contacts

Chapter.  8598 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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