Phoenician Colonization on the Atlantic Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

Ana Margarida Arruda

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI:
Phoenician Colonization on the Atlantic Coast of the Iberian Peninsula

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)


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Although a Near Eastern presence had been documented for the “Far West”—namely Portuguese territory—since the nineteenth century, study of the arrival of Eastern Mediterranean populations on the European Atlantic coast expanded considerably in the last twenty years of the twentieth century. In effect, the discovery and excavation of archaeological sites of mostly Mediterranean material culture has almost tripled since the 1980s. Today, the amount of archaeological data concerning the presence of Phoenicians in Portuguese territory is extensive and varying in nature, and we possess finds and architecture that can be analyzed in the context of an Orientalizing Iron Age. This chapter investigates the Phoenician colonization on the Atlantic Coast of the Iberian Peninsula. It analyzes ceramics and their stratigraphic sequences, domestic and funerary architecture, radiocarbon dates, and even the geography of the sites to understand the motives behind Phoenician voyages to Portugal, their chronology, and not only how settlement took place but how means of contact were established between the indigenous peoples and foreign groups of colonists.

Keywords: Portugal; archaeological sites; indigenous peoples; colonists; Phoenicians; ceramics; contact; colonization; Atlantic Coast; Iberian Peninsula

Chapter.  4806 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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