Chapter

Botanical and Archaeological Dimensions of the Colonial Encounter

Ramon Buxó

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.003.0006
Botanical and Archaeological Dimensions of the Colonial Encounter

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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The evolution of Iberian society cannot be understood without an emphasis on the encounter with colonial cultures, Phoenician and Greek, that established colonies along the Mediterranean zone of the Iberian Peninsula. Their presence and their actions were transformative, definitively affecting the structure of indigenous communities of the region. Not least among these changes to consider is the evolution of the production of vegetal resources during the Iron Age in the region, which appears to have progressed from an economy of cereal products to an expansion of vineyards and later of olive trees. The production of wine seems to be one of the distinguishing elements of Phoenician colonization. This chapter presents recent evidence documenting long-term changes in the agrarian base of indigenous societies before and after the arrival of Phoenician and Greek colonists. In particular, it examines important new data concerning the development of indigenous wine and olive oil production and discusses the relationship of these practices to traditional grain-based agriculture. It also explores the impact of colonization on the traditional cultivation of cereals and legumes.

Keywords: Mediterranean; Iberian Peninsula; Iron Age; agriculture; colonization; wine; cereals; legumes; olive oil

Chapter.  5081 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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