Chapter

Phoenicians in Tartessos

María Belén Deamos

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226148489.003.0008
Phoenicians in Tartessos

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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The most striking aspect of the transformations following the onset of Phoenician trade in Tartessos is the indigenous peoples' apparent adoption of religious iconography and funerary rituals with markedly Eastern characteristics. The cemetery of La Joya and the urban center of the city of Huelva have clearly shown how interested both Phoenicians and Greeks were in this Tartessian settlement. Their interest can be easily explained if we keep in mind not only Huelva's proximity to mining centers and its location along the route to the Portuguese Atlantic but also the experience the indigenous peoples had in long-distance trade. This chapter provides an updated overview of ongoing archaeological research in the Guadalquivir area (Huelva, Seville, etc.), deploying a wealth of new data to challenge traditional interpretations of important sites such as El Carambolo (Seville) while stressing the deep level of interaction and cohabitation between local populations and colonists from the Eastern Mediterranean in this region. It explores the possibility of agricultural colonization and the integration of Semitic and indigenous cultic practices in a commercially active environment.

Keywords: trade; Tartessos; indigenous peoples; Huelva; Phoenicians; Greeks; archaeological research; Guadalquivir; Eastern Mediterranean; colonization

Chapter.  14483 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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