Precolonization and Colonization in the Interior of Tartessos

Sebastián Celestino-Pérez

in Colonial Encounters in Ancient Iberia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226148472
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226148489 | DOI:
Precolonization and Colonization in the Interior of Tartessos

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In the Iberian Peninsula, with a few exceptions, the term “precolonization” is linked more closely with the presence of objects from the East immediately prior to colonization by the Phoenicians and the Greeks, than with a phenomenon of cultural assimilation. For this reason it refers to a matter of simple commercial contact prior, though essential, to a subsequent colonization. Nevertheless, the appearance of Mycenaean ceramics in the central Guadalquivir has resulted in a new research channel for which we still have few, though significant, data. This chapter discusses the popular concept of “precolonization” and uses a variety of evidence, including especially a series of stone stele of warriors, to evaluate the sociopolitical organization in Tartessos and the activities and interests of Phoenician colonists in the interior. It focuses on the changing economic and political relationships between different areas of the Tartessian domain and examines the implications they had for Phoenician activity in the region. It also looks at the Cancho Roano architectural complex at Zalamea de La Serena, in the province of Badajoz.

Keywords: Iberian Peninsula; precolonization; colonization; Tartessos; Phoenicians; Greeks; Guadalquivir; stone stele; warriors; Cancho Roano

Chapter.  7756 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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