Producer Dynamics in Agriculture Empirical Evidence

Mary Clare Ahearn, Penni Korb and Jet Yee

in Producer Dynamics

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print March 2009 | ISBN: 9780226172569
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226172576 | DOI:
Producer Dynamics in Agriculture Empirical Evidence

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This chapter provides new statistics on the entry, exit, and growth of farms using data from the U.S. Census of Agricultures from 1978 to 1997. Entry and exit statistics can reflect sales or leases of an existing farm and thus do not directly correspond to the movement of land in or out of agricultural production. Both the small farms and the very largest farms are increasing as a share of the total farms during the period 1978 to 1997. The average farm size in acres is larger for surviving farms than it was for either exiting or entering farms during the four subperiods. The microanalysis of turnovers reveals considerable structural change underlying the traditional aggregate indicators of farm structure. There is large-scale reallocation of outputs and inputs in agriculture. The majority of surviving farms change their farm size.

Keywords: agriculture; entering farms; U.S. Census of Agricultures; farms; acres; turnovers; farm structure

Chapter.  11300 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Microeconomics

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