Chapter

Introduction

in Voices from Shanghai

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2008 | ISBN: 9780226181660
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226181684 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226181684.003.0001
Introduction

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Adolf Hitler assumed power in January 1933. Only four months later began the persecution of Jewish professionals. It was, no doubt, the loss of position and income that caused a number of physicians, surgeons, dentists, and pharmacists to decide to go to Shanghai. Now not only professionals such as doctors and dentists sought to escape as a result of Germany's policy of forced emigration. Shopkeepers, clerks, salesmen of various kinds, actors, journalists, and writers—everyone who had the price of a train or steamship ticket and who could procure a visa—left. This book focuses on the creative responses of Shanghai and Jewish refugees in the form of prose and poetry, letters, and diary entries that also tell us something about cultural self-perception and perception of the other. These poems and other works should be considered part of exile literature.

Keywords: Germany; Jews; Shanghai; professionals; refugees; forced emigration; poetry; prose; letters; exile literature

Chapter.  7782 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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