Chapter

“Among Foreign Peoples”: Racial Studies of POWs during World War I

in Anthropology at War

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780226222677
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226222691 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226222691.003.0005
“Among Foreign Peoples”: Racial Studies of POWs during World War I

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This chapter investigates the major anthropological project of the war years: the study of foreign soldiers in German prisoner-of-war (POW) camps. The particular setting of the POW camps combined with the increasingly nationalist directions of the scientists working there to facilitate the racialization of the enemy, particularly the European foes of the Central Powers. As anthropologists in the camps implicitly carved out a specialized racial space for Germans in central Europe, they also blurred the distinctions between the liberal categories of race, nation, and Volk.

Keywords: foreign soldiers; prisoner of war; German prison camps; racialization; anthropologists; race; nation; Volk

Chapter.  9018 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anthropology

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