Chapter

Government and the People: Labor, Education, and Health

Sumner J. La Croix

in Government & The American Economy

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2007 | ISBN: 9780226251271
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226251295 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0011
Government and the People: Labor, Education, and Health

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The population of the United States is the beneficiary of the fruits of economic development, and the labor force, a subset of the population, has played a leading role in generating growth. The influence of government spending and regulation on population growth, labor force participation, education, job training, and the operation of labor markets has increased dramatically since the 1930s. This chapter discusses the historical role of the U.S. government in determining the size of the population and the labor force, investments in human capital (that is, education and health), and the organization of labor markets. It also examines changes in the rules associated with collective action. Because the decline in U.S. death rates preceded the decline in birthrates with a long lag, the result was an increase in population growth rates that persisted through the 1920s. This chapter also discusses birth and death rates and immigration in the United States, along with state and federal minimum wage laws. It concludes by looking at civil rights legislation.

Keywords: population growth; United States; education; health; job training; labor force; labor markets; government; immigration; civil rights

Chapter.  16395 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic History

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