Chapter

The Career of the Historical Event

in Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780226254708
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226254722 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226254722.003.0003
The Career of the Historical Event

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This chapter discusses the features of Foucault's approach that serve to justify Veyne's characterization—namely, his event orientation. Foucault's relationship to structuralism and to the new history as history of the nonevent is ambiguous. But this very lack of definition affords him the Spielraum to develop his own approach to the history of discursive and nondiscursive practices. The chapter surveys how the concept of the event figures centrally in each of Foucault's three “methodologies”—archaeology, genealogy, and problematization. Though this book cites instances from a number of his works, this chapter returns to Discipline and Punish for a detailed study. The chapter shows how the very meaning of “event” has been broadened by Foucault so as to span the chasm marked by new historians between the “eventworthy” and the “noneventworthy.” If his differential analyses and decentering of the subject have linked Foucault with the new historians, his insistence on “event orientation” and on the possible service of archaeology and genealogy to a number of broad historical processes reminds us of his ties to the old. The chapter confirms his claim that the event/nonevent dichotomy is exaggerated. Here again, Foucault has chosen to go his own way.

Keywords: Foucault; event orientation; structuralism; intellectual history; philosophy

Chapter.  13231 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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