Chapter

Foucault as Parrhesiast: His Last Course at the Collège de France (An Object Lesson in Axial History)

in Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780226254708
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226254722 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226254722.003.0011
Foucault as Parrhesiast: His Last Course at the Collège de France (An Object Lesson in Axial History)

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Both Sartre and Foucault link the intelligibility of history with the intelligibility of struggle. And each offers an analysis of the relations of violence that usually accompany such warfare. This chapter analyzes how each understands violence, its conditions and possible eradication and how this affects their respective accounts of the meaning of history. The chapter concludes by pointing out that the Foucauldian prism resists the totalizing movement of “original choice” and the Sartrean hermeneutic that seeks to reveal it. Despite lines or aspects of subjectivation that pervade his thought, Foucault's “self” remains prismatic, his historical intelligibility polyhedral, and his “experience” nonfoundational and derivative. If his histories exhibit passion, it is that of the cartographer, not the diarist.

Keywords: Sartre; Foucault; history; violence; experience

Chapter.  9345 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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