Chapter

Conclusion: <i>The Map and the Diary</i>

in Sartre, Foucault, and Historical Reason

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780226254708
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226254722 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226254722.003.0013
Conclusion: The Map and the Diary

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Neither Foucault nor Sartre could be called “historians” in the usual sense of the word. The project in this book has been to describe how each assumes a second-level perspective on standard history. In that sense, each is a “philosopher” of history or better, since that expression had come to denote advocates of history in the grand style, a philosophical historian. The book proposed the respective models of the diary and the map to characterize the interpretive schemes adopted by Sartre and Foucault respectively to “make” sense of history. Foucault once referred to himself as a kind of cartographer, and Sartre devoted thousands of pages to “existential biographies” throughout his career. But the contrast plays out on a larger field than that of the theory of history. It extends to the respective camps of what have come to be called the modern and the postmodern domains, for which Sartre and Foucault are often taken to be the poster figures.

Keywords: Foucault; Sartre; history; philosophers; philosophical historians; existentialism

Chapter.  1612 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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