Chapter

Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

Kjersten Bunker Whittington

in Science and Engineering Careers in the United States

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780226261898
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226261904 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0007
Patterns of Male and Female Scientific Dissemination in Public and Private Science

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Information on the patenting and publishing activity of scientists and engineers has long been an interest among scholars of science and technology. This chapter presents a two-part analysis to address patterns of men's and women's dissemination in patenting and publishing activities across sectors and disciplines. The first analysis uses log-linear modeling of a national sample of scientists and engineers to address the association between sex, discipline, employment sector, and involvement in scientific dissemination. The chapter tests the extent to which sex disparities in productivity are created and maintained by sorting mechanisms as well as through organizational settings after controlling for sex distributions. The second analysis explores the ways in which various organizational contexts may differentially influence men and women scientists. The chapter presents network visualizations of coinventor collaborations between life science inventors working in the academy, public research organizations, and biotechnology firms, and addresses how the structure of science within each sector may contribute to sex disparities in productivity.

Keywords: sciences; engineering; United States; gender differences; patenting; publishing

Chapter.  14058 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

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