Chapter

International Knowledge Flows

Jinyoung Kim, Sangjoon John Lee and Gerald Marschke

in Science and Engineering Careers in the United States

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2009 | ISBN: 9780226261898
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226261904 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226261904.003.0011
International Knowledge Flows

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This chapter uses U.S. patent records to examine the nature and extent of knowledge spillovers from outside the United States to U.S. industry. Because of their implications for economic development and science and technology policy, knowledge spillovers within a country or across borders have received considerable attention in the literature. The chapter examines whether international migration of researchers or the international location of subsidiaries by U.S. firms facilitates knowledge transfers across borders and details the construction of a researcher-based data set and then describes its use in an analysis of the influence of foreign R&D on U.S. innovation. The chapter finds evidence of growing allocative inefficiency in U.S. higher education.

Keywords: sciences; engineering; United States; patent records; technology; policy making; migration; higher education

Chapter.  11289 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

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