Scientific Knowledge

in Scientific Perspectivism

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780226292120
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226292144 | DOI:
Scientific Knowledge

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This chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to develop an understanding of scientific claims that mediates between the strong objectivism of most scientists, or the hard realism of many philosophers of science, and the constructivism found largely among historians and sociologists of science. The main thrust of the arguments presented in this book is to show that the practice of science itself supports a perspectival rather than an objectivist understanding of scientific realism. This does not, however, constitute an argument for constructivism in general, but only for the position that scientific claims may be in part socially constructed, and thus for the possibility of discovering the social contributions to these claims. The chapter then discusses the notions of constructivism, naturalism, and perspectivism.

Keywords: scientific claims; objectivism; realism; constructivism; naturalism; perspectivism

Chapter.  6950 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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