Chapter

Iconoclasm and Censorship

in Capturing the German Eye

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780226301693
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226301716 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226301716.003.0006
Iconoclasm and Censorship

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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This chapter evaluates the American iconoclastic campaign and visual censorship in Germany. In occupied Germany, visual censorship became a central part of psychological warfare. Iconoclasm was accompanied by a policy of selective preservation. The Ulenspiegel: Literatur, Kunst, und Satire was a showcase of postwar German modern art. It reproduced thousands of German and foreign works of art and reintroduced the German public to “degenerate” artists who had been banned by the Nazis. It also utilized satire to expose the multiple contradictions facing postwar Germany. In addition, it took sides in the emerging Cold War. The Cold War did encroach on the possibility of independent political discourse. Joseph Stalin spoke of the menace of a new fascism—American imperialism—and President Harry Truman denounced the Soviet Union as a totalitarian state that continued the antidemocratic offensive of Nazism.

Keywords: visual censorship; American iconoclastic campaign; Germany; psychological warfare; Ulenspiegel; Cold War; American imperialism; Nazism

Chapter.  9085 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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