Chapter

Recording and Forecasting

in British Weather and the Climate of Enlightenment

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780226302058
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226302065 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226302065.003.0004
Recording and Forecasting

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This chapter addresses the methods for recording and measuring time. The eighteenth century saw significant changes in the methods for recording and measuring time. The weather was normalized by recording it on a uniform scale of time, which came into use as part of the cultural changes of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Weather journals were a paradoxical vehicle for self-development. Seasonal weather prognostics were rooted in a heterogeneous collection of calendar customs and lore. Recording the weather on a uniform scale of time did not imply that the seasons were disregarded. The association between weather forecasting and astrology was unavoidable even in the nineteenth century because it was historically very deeply rooted, going back to the ancient calendars that forged a connection between the weather and the motions of the heavens.

Keywords: time recording; weather; Enlightenment; weather journals; forecasting; astrology; ancient calendars; heavens

Chapter.  12890 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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