Chapter

Introduction

in Stoicism & Emotion

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780226305578
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226305202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226305202.003.0001
Introduction

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“Stoicism” in today's English means “absence of emotion” and this usage takes for granted that the Stoics of ancient Greece advocated an across-the-board suppression of feeling. The analysis of emotions and emotional behaviors in terms of judgments implies a strong position on moral responsibility. This book present an overview of Stoic emotion theory as framed within more general claims about the nature of mental events, of affective responses generally, and of responsibility for action. It also defines that extension by collecting some examples of feelings which Stoics explicitly refuse to count as emotions. Then, it analyzes the moral development even as they return to the issue of normative affect. The ideas presented here are primarily those of the Athenian Stoa as first propounded by Zeno of Citium and expanded upon by Chrysippus of Soli in the mid- to late third century B.C.E.

Keywords: emotions; emotional behaviors; moral responsibility; Stoic emotion theory; Athenian Stoa; ancient Greece; Stoics

Chapter.  5358 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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