Chapter

A Science of the Mind

in Stoicism & Emotion

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780226305578
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226305202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226305202.003.0002
A Science of the Mind

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This chapter outlines the Stoic views on the corporeal basis of emotions and the relation between material and intentional accounts of psychic function. It also determines those notions in Stoic thought which correspond in the ancient context to what a neuroscientist like Jaak Panksepp seeks to understand about animal and human responses. The range of tasks performed by the pneuma in a person is very broad. The Stoic approach to action classifies the responses of the animate being according to the intentional characteristics of psychic events. Moreover, it addresses how emotions and related affective phenomena fit into the Stoic account of mental functioning. Cicero's language corresponds closely to what Galen reports for Zeno and Chrysippus. In general, the material offered in this chapter presents on behalf of the early Stoics a tightly unified conception of what it is to be a human being.

Keywords: emotions; Stoics; pneuma; action; psychic function; mental functioning; Cicero; Galen; Zeno; Chrysippus

Chapter.  8962 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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