Chapter

The Pathetic Syllogism

in Stoicism & Emotion

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780226305578
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226305202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226305202.003.0003
The Pathetic Syllogism

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This chapter specifies the intellectual components of the various classes of response and explains the Stoics' crucial distinction between ordinary emotions and normative or “eupathic” versions of affect. It also evaluates how appraisals function in some broad categories of emotional response. The appropriateness component of emotional judgments is hardly unrelated to the evaluative beliefs presented. Deeper motivations for the Stoic position lie within the structure of their own ethical system. The intellectual characteristics of humans serve to define what is good for the individual human being. Both ordinary emotions and the eupatheiai are broken down into a number of species within each genus. It is also noted that the rich affective life of the wise is being said to include some concern for other human beings that goes beyond disinterested service to the level of genuine affective involvement.

Keywords: emotional judgments; Stoics; human beings; eupatheiai; genus; affect; evaluative beliefs

Chapter.  10536 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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