Chapter

The Development of Character

in Stoicism & Emotion

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print September 2007 | ISBN: 9780226305578
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226305202 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226305202.003.0008
The Development of Character

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This chapter evaluates how emotive dispositions develop over time within the life history of the individual. It assesses the process by which the misevaluation of one or another object type becomes entrenched or “deep-rooted” in the emotive personality of the individual. The Stoic developmental account becomes most closely entwined with issues of long-term responsibility for one's own character and actions. Calcidius states clearly that what Stoics call “the twofold cause” is meant to explain how false values become established among people whose nature is to pursue the good. It is noted that honor is derived from virtue, and popular esteem is then confused with honor. The Chrysippan “twofold cause” yields a comprehensive account of human development in that it gives thought to every stage in a person's intellectual growth. The role for luck in moral development is finally described.

Keywords: emotive dispositions; Calcidius; Stoics; twofold cause; honor; virtue; human development; luck; moral development

Chapter.  10154 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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