Chapter

The Relationship between Perceptions of Neighborhood Characteristics and Obesity among Children

Edited by Bisakha Sen, Stephen Mennemeyer and Lisa C. Gary

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780226310091
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226310107 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0007
The Relationship between Perceptions of Neighborhood Characteristics and Obesity among Children

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This chapter explores the relationship between children's body mass index (BMI) as well as the probability of obesity and the influence of different aspects of the neighborhood. It reports that overall maternal perceptions of neighborhood quality are not a particularly strong determinant of children's body weight outcomes. However, one specific neighborhood characteristic—the perceived lack of police protection—is a significant determinant of such body weight outcomes. Moreover, there are significant differences in perceived lack of police protection between white and minority women. If perceptions of police protection are driven by the actual number of police personnel available to the neighborhood, then, providing resources to increase police protection in low-income and minority neighborhoods and housing subsidies that allow a low-income individual to move into a higher socioeconomic neighborhood will improve these perceptions, and may eventually improve child obesity outcomes.

Keywords: child obesity; body mass index; neighborhood; mothers; police protection; low-income individual

Chapter.  13512 words. 

Subjects: Economics

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