Chapter

Physical Activity: Economic and Policy Factors

Edited by Melayne M. McInnes and Judith A. Shinogle

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780226310091
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226310107 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0010
Physical Activity: Economic and Policy Factors

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This chapter examines the correlates and predictors of physical activity over time with emphasis on economic factors and uses data from the 2000 to 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. It explores the characteristics of individuals and their environments that determine levels of activity. It reports a strong relationship between education and exercise and suggests that there may be positive spillovers from policies aimed at increasing educational attainment. The chapter looks especially at education aimed at increasing the awareness of the value of physical activity in the form of Public Service Announcements. The chapter found a positive association between income and exercise. It mentions that certain area characteristics such as access to gyms, parks, and other recreational facilities are associated with an increase in exercise for adults. Designing appropriate policies will require a better understanding of how time constraints, income, education, and gender interact in determining physical activity.

Keywords: physical activity; exercise; educational attainment; recreational facilities; income

Chapter.  12616 words. 

Subjects: Economics

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