The Beginnings of Crypto-Islam in the Iberian Peninsula

in Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780226319636
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226319650 | DOI:
The Beginnings of Crypto-Islam in the Iberian Peninsula

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  • Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)


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The first Muslims arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in 711; the mass expulsion of all Muslims was decreed and carried out in the period 1609–14, nine centuries later. In this great final displacement of a population some 300,000 people were forced to leave their homes and were deported from Spain: some of them went out by road over the Pyrenees, but most left by sea. The diaspora left them scattered from the Atlantic seaboard of Morocco in the west to Ottoman Turkey in the east (and possibly beyond). This chapter covers this final century of Muslim presence in the Iberian Peninsula and attempts to trace what happened from the time the first of Spain's Muslims were forcibly converted to Christianity up to the end, several generations later, when in a final cataclysm almost all of the descendants of these converts were expelled from their homeland.

Keywords: Iberian Peninsula; mass expulsion; Muslims; population displacement; Christianity; forced conversion

Chapter.  20827 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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