Chapter

Disproportionate Minority Confinement/Contact (DMC)

Carl E. Pope and Michael J. Leiber

in Our Children, Their Children

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226319889
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226319919 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226319919.003.0011
Disproportionate Minority Confinement/Contact (DMC)

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The traditional explanations for understanding disproportionate minority confinement/contact (DMC) in both the criminal and juvenile justice systems emphasize differential offending and/or selection bias. Selection bias generally refers to disparate treatment, discrimination, and the like. The sponsors of the DMC initiative and the intent of the requirement focus on selection bias with a specific emphasis on the inequitable treatment of minority youths relative to white youths within the juvenile justice system. This chapter provides an historical background for the systems approach to the disproportionate confinement of minority youths. The intentions of those involved in bringing the issue to the attention of Congress and their reliance on statistics indicating increasing minority youth confinement, findings from self-report surveys suggesting a few differences in delinquent behavior, and studies reporting the presence of racial bias within juvenile court proceedings are discussed in detail in the chapter.

Keywords: disproportionate minority confinement; juvenile justice system; selection bias; Congress

Chapter.  12952 words. 

Subjects: Family Law

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