Chapter

Beginnings, 1954–1956

in Living in Arcadia

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780226389257
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226389288 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226389288.003.0004
Beginnings, 1954–1956

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Arcadie was just one of the various “homophile” organizations founded after 1945. The organization was dominated by the personality of André Baudry, its founder. Baudry was a private, mysterious person, few people know anything of his early years. Despite living during France's turbulent years between 1940 and 1945, he was entirely cut off from the history and politics of his own country. Baudry lived his homosexuality mostly in his head and in books. In January 1952, Baudry first heard about the Swiss homophile movement Der Kreis and its magazine of the same name, published in Zurich, from the literary impresario Count Jacques de Ricaumont. Der Kreis inspired Baudry to publish his own fully fledged monthly review. The first issue of Arcadie, Revue littéraire et scientifique, appeared in January 1954. While Baudry was struggling to keep Arcadie afloat, his relations with the International Committee for Sexual Equality rapidly deteriorated.

Keywords: Arcadie; France; André Baudry; homosexuality; homophile organizations; Der Kreis; Count Jacques de Ricaumont; International Committee for Sexual Equality

Chapter.  13217 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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