Chapter

Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards and Rebeca Wong

in The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2008 | ISBN: 9780226392004
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226392028 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0008
Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions

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At the same time that the Latin American countries were reforming their systems, the transition economies of eastern and central Europe and the former Soviet Union were facing huge financial strains in their systems, which required them to reform. Kazakhstan, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Croatia, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Slovakia, and Russia have instituted multipillar reforms or are in the process of doing so. Several Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries have also changed their systems to include a funded, privately managed defined contribution plan together with a public social safety net. This chapter presents data on Poland and, to a lesser extent, Kazakhstan and Latvia, from the transition economies, and on Sweden and Australia as examples of reforms in advanced industrial societies.

Keywords: pension reform; pension policy; Poland; Kazakhstan; Latvia; Sweden; Australia; multipillar system; defined contribution plan; social security reforms

Chapter.  9443 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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