Chapter

Three Mothers <i>1860–73</i>

in Citizen

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780226446998
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226447018 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226447018.003.0003
Three Mothers 1860–73

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Jane Addams views herself as a typical child, sharing, for example, the expected tales of how her father helped her in her moments of embarrassment and moral perplexity. But her stories also provide glimpses of the unexpected—most significantly, of the unusual depth of her feelings of inadequacy and of her intense fear of, and fascination with, death. Like every child, Jane Addams had a particular childhood whose influence on her would ramify down the years. The way she treats her parents is also hardly typical. Although she writes a good deal in the book's early chapters about her conversations with her father, she writes nothing at all about her relations with her mother. Her dilemma, in part, was that she had three. In addition to her deceased mother, she had a temporary mother in her oldest sister Mary and, beginning when she was eight, a new permanent mother in her stepmother, Anna Hostetter Haldeman Addams. Her failure to write about her mothers leaves one to puzzle about what she might have said and to consider the possibility that her silence embodied the profoundest truth of all—that she felt motherless most of her life.

Keywords: mothers; Jane Addams; conversations; stepmother; inadequacy; moral dilemma

Chapter.  9340 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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