Chapter

Established Modernism, 1962–1966

András Bálint Kovács

in Screening Modernism

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print January 2008 | ISBN: 9780226451633
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226451664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226451664.003.0018
Established Modernism, 1962–1966

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By 1962, modern cinema became a widely accepted movement throughout Europe. This was the period in which a cool aesthetic self-reflection of filmmaking as the trendiest intellectual and artistic occupation appeared, and when modernism's self-reflexivity became increasingly important. And this was the period also when the first important achievements of modern Eastern European cinema appeared. By 1963, modernism conquered almost all segments of European art cinema. It was not until Tony Richardson's third film, The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, made in 1962, that conscious recognition of the modernist turn by a British film registers. Modernism in Richardson's film mostly amounts to the tribute it pays to the French new wave, and most specifically, to François Truffaut's The 400 Blows. Another important film that had a remarkable influence on the development of modern cinema was Federico Fellini's 8 1/2. This chapter, which discusses established modernism in European modern cinema from 1962 to 1966, examines grotesque realism in films from Czechoslovakia and considers ornamental style in the works of Miklós Jancsó.

Keywords: modern cinema; established modernism; art cinema; Europe; Tony Richardson; grotesque realism; ornamental style; Miklós Jancsó; Federico Fellini; 8 1/2

Chapter.  11809 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Theory and Cultural Studies

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