Supplementing Failure: Providing Supplemental Educational Services

Jill P. Koyama

in Making Failure Pay

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780226451732
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226451756 | DOI:
Supplementing Failure: Providing Supplemental Educational Services

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This chapter discusses the enabling features of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) policy by examining the supplemental educational service (SES) providers, the temporary associations they make with schools, the actions these linkages seem to facilitate, and their connections to school failure. It presents ways in which SES is not exactly regulated, not exactly proven, and not exactly funded to show how some actions—which appear not exactly aimed at reducing school failure—are more common than expected. Afterschool programs represent a rich and diverse network of providers that state education agencies can tap as they seek to provide parents with maximum choice among providers. Afterschool programs have a long history of providing tutoring and enrichment programs in the schools and communities targeted by supplemental services. NCLB requires failing schools to partner with SES providers to improve students' academic achievement. These schools, in need of improvement according to NCLB, are deemed incapable of improving through their own efforts.

Keywords: afterschool programs; supplemental educational service; academic achievement; education agencies; school failure

Chapter.  8982 words. 

Subjects: Educational Strategies and Policy

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