Chapter

Peer Review

in Contested Medicine

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780226465319
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226465333 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.003.0007
Peer Review

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This chapter explores the role of ethical peer review at Cincinnati and shows that contemporary judgments of Eugene Saenger were highly contingent and affected by social and political forces. It follows the changing strategies that the local peer review committee adopted to evaluate Saenger's research proposals. It also demonstrates that the concerns of the peer review committee, combined with the changing interests of Saenger's coinvestigators, moved the program in a direction that embraced more overtly clinical goals. The Faculty Committee on Research (FCR) viewed its compact with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) more broadly than simply as providing an ethical assessment. The focus of the FCR's ethical assessment on the content of the consent statement, no doubt, played some role in reducing internal debates over patient welfare. The FCR pressured him to modify his program and make it explicitly a therapeutic trial for treating patients with advanced cancers.

Keywords: ethical peer review; Cincinnati; Eugene Saenger; peer review committee; Faculty Committee on Research; National Institutes of Health; ethical assessment; cancers

Chapter.  10482 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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