Chapter

Conclusion

in The One Culture?

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780226467221
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226467245 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.003.0035
Conclusion

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For scientists trained according to the “textbook model” of science (which is just about all of them), the temptation is strong to divide the difficult problems into the hard-core, rigorous, scientific part, and the messy, imprecise, social-political part. In this regard, perhaps the most important function science studies can serve for scientists is that of “defamiliarization”—to borrow a term from the literary theorists—to deflect the mind out of the deeply worn ruts of standard thinking, even if only for a little while. There is need to go beyond the textbook model of science; science's incompleteness and its range of applicability need to be explained and explored. Critiques can lead us to understand how scientific expertise can and must continue to contribute to the world we live in. To generate these critiques and analyses, scientists and others will have to talk to each other.

Keywords: textbook model of science; science studies; standard thinking; scientific expertise; difficult problems; critiques

Chapter.  2385 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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