Chapter

Representing Scientific Data: Cartographic Inscription and Visual Authority

in Geographies of Mars

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780226470788
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226470795 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226470795.003.0002
Representing Scientific Data: Cartographic Inscription and Visual Authority

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This chapter explores the role of cartographic representation in establishing early views of the Martian landscape as irrigated and inhabited. It identifies a series of transitions in generally accepted cartographic conventions that bracketed the popular Mars sensation and played a central role in the debates over Martian geography. This chapter reviews the conventions and transitions of Mars mapping from 1877 to 1910 and explains how linear details first appeared on astronomers' maps, why they persisted as authoritative representations of the Martian landscape, and the ways in which they induced astronomers to accept the inhabited-Mars hypothesis.

Keywords: Martian landscape; cartographic representation; Martian geography; Mars mapping; inhabited-Mars hypothesis; astronomers

Chapter.  13694 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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