Chapter

The Long Reach of Ontology

in What Did the Romans Know?

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780226471143
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226471150 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0007
The Long Reach of Ontology

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This chapter turns to ontology. It analyzes the role of sympathy, laws, the gods, standpoints and classes and the widespread effects that relatively simple-looking starting points turn out to have. The nondeterminist arguments were intimately linked with many of the standard arguments both for and against astrology. It then evaluates a fruitful dynamic interplay between supporters of astrology and their critics. Moreover, the relations between the various positions on determinism and the sets of justifications for astrology are considered. Different entities can cause the world to behave in radically different ways: ontologies cascade, and this in complex ways. Astrology was both highly rational and eminently empirical. Defenders of astrology often exerted formidable arguments that need to be taken very seriously if the roles of astrology in the worlds in which it operates could be understood.

Keywords: ontology; astrology; determinism; justifications; laws; gods

Chapter.  8962 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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