Chapter

Child Development

Greg J. Duncan, Jens Ludwig and Katherine A. Magnuson

in Targeting Investments in Children

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780226475813
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226475837 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0003
Child Development

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This chapter reviews the available evidence about the ability of early childhood interventions to improve children's lifetime earnings prospects and, in turn, reduce their poverty over the long term. Early childhood appears to represent a particularly promising period for human capital investments, based on accumulated evidence regarding the lifelong implications of early brain development as well as the efficacy of early childhood interventions. Most early childhood interventions seek to improve the quality of the learning and social interactions that children experience. Programs are reviewed that attempt to enhance the skills of parents in hopes that they will better teach, nurture, or in other ways provide for their children, and in so doing, enhance their children's well-being. Child-based interventions that seek to provide enriching experiences to children directly, as with intensive preschool education programs, are also discussed. Some early interventions target both the child and the parent at the same time, but most programs fit into either child- or parent-based categories.

Keywords: child development; childhood interventions; capital investments; academic skills; parent-focused programs; poverty

Chapter.  14200 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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