Chapter

Neighborhood and Community Initiatives

Julia Burdick-Will and Jens Ludwig

in Targeting Investments in Children

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780226475813
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226475837 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0012
Neighborhood and Community Initiatives

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This chapter reviews the available evidence about neighborhood-place effects on children's achievement outcomes, and the degree to which “place-based” policies might help improve outcomes for poor children and reduce disparities across race and class lines. It focuses mostly on those studies that exploit the substantial excess demand for means-tested housing subsidies, and in particular housing vouchers, which provide a source of identifying variation in neighborhood environments across observably similar low-income families that helps overcome the self-selection concerns with previous research in this area. There is a large literature that examines the effects of community development interventions such as urban enterprise zones or policing interventions, almost none of which examines the impacts on children's outcomes. The chapter also discusses the different behavioral mechanisms through which voucher-induced neighborhood moves might affect the academic outcomes of poor children.

Keywords: neighborhood effects; community initiatives; place-based policies; housing vouchers

Chapter.  8444 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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