Chapter

Conclusions

Phillip B. Levine and David J. Zimmerman

in Targeting Investments in Children

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780226475813
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226475837 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0015
Conclusions

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A comprehensive review of the existing base of knowledge has been assembled on a wide range of interventions targeted at children, with the aim of raising their lifetime economic prospects. This book has attempted to provide a rational sifting of the evidence, connecting the dots between interventions and outcomes and forcing us to extrapolate the effects several years into the future. Some interventions show more promise than others. Several interventions convincingly show positive impacts on the human capital of children, while others do not. Early childhood education programs, mentoring programs, reductions in class sizes, curricular reforms, improved teacher training and increased teacher pay, increased college aid, and intensive vocational training can all be credibly linked to poverty reduction. However, parenting programs, school vouchers, after-school programs, dropout prevention programs, substance abuse programs, general jobs programs, and employment/training subsidies either show limited effectiveness in reducing poverty or lack a credible empirical basis from which to draw conclusions.

Keywords: childhood interventions; economic prospects; childhood education programs; parenting programs; poverty

Chapter.  2158 words. 

Subjects: Public Economics

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