Chapter

Forging the Calumet District, 1880–1940

in Chicago Made

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226477015
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226477046 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226477046.003.0007
Forging the Calumet District, 1880–1940

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This chapter discusses the development of Calumet into an industrial district. The construction of elaborate and effective business relationships underpinned the development of the Calumet complex. These relationships involved the supply of finance, information, raw materials, and semi-processed products between different company plants (intra-firm) and between different companies (inter-firm). These interactions operated at various spatial levels; some businesses were vertically integrated and had many of their raw material, financial, and research links outside of the Calumet district, while others had few outside interactions and were locally based. The fact that most Calumet industries drew upon numerous suppliers and sold in different markets permitted co-industrialization to take place.

Keywords: industrial districts; business relationships; industrial complex; Calumet; intra-firm; inter-firm

Chapter.  9681 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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