Chicago's Planned Industrial Districts

in Chicago Made

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2008 | ISBN: 9780226477015
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226477046 | DOI:
Chicago's Planned Industrial Districts

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The Central Manufacturing District (CMD) and the Clearing Yards are among the earliest examples of planned industrial districts, or, as they are otherwise known, organized districts, industrial parks, and science parks. What they all had in common was joint private and public involvement in the creation of space that was solely given over to industrial functions. CMD is America's first operating planned industrial district—a full-service, industrial real estate development that was sandwiched between the Union Stock Yard and Bridgeport, and was founded by railroad interests to increase their freight volume and to take advantage of their land holdings. The CMD grew quickly and by World War I the district's 300 acres of industrial property were home to 200 concerns and 15,000 workers. The Clearing Yards covered an area of almost five square miles. With 150 miles of track and a capacity of 10,000 cars daily, they were the largest gravity switch and classification yards in the world.

Keywords: industrial districts; industrial real estate development; railroads; Central Manufacturing District; Union Stock Yeard; Bridgeport

Chapter.  7283 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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