Chapter

Rehabilitating the Industrial Army

in War's Waste

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780226482538
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226482552 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226482552.003.0008
Rehabilitating the Industrial Army

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This chapter discusses the rehabilitation of the industrial army. Legislation that passed during the Great War for the disabled soldier was a crucial steppingstone in making rehabilitation available to the disabled civilian laborer from 1920 onward. The army's rehabilitation facilities promised to be larger in scale and production than any civilian hospital in existence. The Civilian Vocational Rehabilitation Act (CVRA) provided disabled workers with educational benefits, not health care. Rehabilitative medicine would become much easier to find in post-World War I America. Although providing rehabilitative medical care to disabled soldiers was originally conceived of as a means to bring an end to the long-term commitment represented by veterans pensions, it ultimately led to a change in the nature and terms of the federal government's responsibility to its injured soldiers of war. The institution of rehabilitation during the First World War medicalized veteran welfare.

Keywords: rehabilitation; industrial army; CVRA; rehabilitative medicine; rehabilitative medical care; disabled soldiers; federal government; veteran welfare

Chapter.  7919 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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