Geography's English Revolutions: Oxford Geography and the War of Ideas, 1600–1660

Robert J. Mayhew

in Geography and Revolution

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780226487335
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226487359 | DOI:
Geography's English Revolutions: Oxford Geography and the War of Ideas, 1600–1660

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Looking back from the 1660s, Thomas Hobbes's history of the “English Revolution,” Behemoth, pointed to the dominant rubric by which geography and the “English Revolution” have been conjoined in recent historiography. That rubric concerns the spatial scale at which the events of 1640 to 1660 can be understood. This chapter, which takes up Hobbes's revolutionary space, the university, and looks at the geographical culture of Oxford University in the period 1600–1660, has three parts, following Hobbes's structure of argument. First, it argues that there was a revolution in the generic form of geography in the period 1600–1625, inspired by late humanist pedagogic theories. Second, this newly codified genre allowed for politico-theological debates; and third, in the period 1600–1660, those debates were keyed to a division between Calvinism and Arminianism.

Keywords: Thomas Hobbes; geography; English Revolution; Oxford University; historiography; Calvinism

Chapter.  12955 words. 

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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