Chapter

Aristotle and “Ideology”

in The Female in Aristotle's Biology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780226512006
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226512020 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226512020.003.0001
Aristotle and “Ideology”

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The views of Aristotle about women represent “a classic instance of false consciousness” and there is a great deal of confusion over what Aristotle says in his biological writings about females, and whether what he says about them there is ideological. The “ideological rationalization” is a subclass of intellectual rationalization, involving one's own social and political beliefs and interests. It does not refer solely to the defense of the views of those in power. This book maintains that “social causation,” that is, being influenced by one's cultural context, is not automatically evidence of ideological rationalization. Ideological rationalization involves, at some level, an investigation into the motives that led a person to conclude what he did. The book focuses on Aristotle's biological writings; it is not a study of what he has to say about women in his moral and political works.

Keywords: Aristotle; ideological rationalization; intellectual rationalization; biological writings; social causation

Chapter.  8086 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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