Chapter

Aristotle on Females: An Assessment of the Biology

in The Female in Aristotle's Biology

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780226512006
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226512020 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226512020.003.0007
Aristotle on Females: An Assessment of the Biology

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This chapter explores what Aristotle said in his biology about females, what arguments and observations led him to say what he said, and whether there is any evidence that what he said was the result of ideological rationalization. Aristotle writes about several physical differences between males and females, many of which point to the physical inferiority of females, as he observes it. He came to conclusions about living things in the context of his philosophy (and his culture). For the most part, what Aristotle concluded about females was based on the strength of the evidence available to him. At times, he may not have pursued an issue vigorously enough because of ideological assumptions, but generally, his observations of the world were central to his biology.

Keywords: Aristotle; biology; females; ideological rationalization; physical differences

Chapter.  2012 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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