Chapter

A New Frontier

in The Sangamo Frontier

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780226514246
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226514239 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.003.0010
A New Frontier

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The territory of Illinois became the state of Illinois in 1818. Between the close of the War of 1812 (in 1815) and the summer of 1818, the population of the region had increased by 150 percent. By July of that year, the population of the new state was recorded as 35,000, but Native Americans were not counted. Around 500 families settled in the Sangamo Country between 1817 and 1821. These families were clustered in extended family locales, identified by specific place names, and defined largely by the natural topography. The settlements in the Sangamo Country were first recognized as a distinct political entity in July of 1819, when the region was defined as its own election district in what was then Madison County. By March of 1820, the Sangamo District of Madison county had grown large enough to prompt its division into three separate townships: Sangamo, Fork Prairie, and Springfield. The mid-1830s saw the arrival of many facets of a new modern age in what had been the Sangamo Country, and the region's time as a frontier soon began to close.

Keywords: Illinois; Native Americans; American frontier; settlements; Sangamo Country; Madison County; Sangamo; Fork Prairie; Springfield

Chapter.  4826 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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