Earthenware at Cotton Hill

in The Sangamo Frontier

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780226514246
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226514239 | DOI:
Earthenware at Cotton Hill

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By the beginning of the nineteenth century in America, even the most remote homes were stocked with a wide range of imported, mass-produced goods. But the simple utilitarian crockery used in households in the Midwest was another matter. These redware lard pots or stoneware vinegar jugs made at local pottery shops, while often not much to look at, were products of custom and informal learning. Well into the nineteenth century, unrefined redware or stoneware crockery was still made by a local potter, who probably learned the trade from a father, uncle, or neighbor. The Sangamo Country was home to at least four redware pottery shops during the early nineteenth century, which was a significant cluster for the period. The first pottery to be established in the Sangamo region was located along Sugar Creek, in a community that would become known as Cotton Hill. Now known as the Ebey–Brunk site, the Cotton Hill pottery was probably constructed in 1826 by the extended Royal–Ebey–Brunk family that moved here from Ohio. The shop closed no later than 1854. This site is the only kiln in the region that has received intensive attention from archaeologists.

Keywords: pottery; redware pottery; stoneware; Sangamo Country; pottery shops; Sugar Creek; Cotton Hill; Ebey–Brunk kiln; archeological sites

Chapter.  8618 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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