Chapter

The Origins of a State Capital

in The Sangamo Frontier

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780226514246
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226514239 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226514239.003.0013
The Origins of a State Capital

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In 1837, the town of Springfield became the state capital, and the brick courthouse built on the public square in 1826 was replaced by an imposing Greek revival statehouse. Shortly after the Civil War, a much larger statehouse was constructed five blocks to the southwest, and the building on the square once again became a county courthouse. A century later, the commercial district surrounding the square had become known as the “old” part of town. In the 1960s, the Old Capitol was renovated. True to fashion for the times, however, the archaeological signature of that historic building and the surrounding area was completely removed during the construction of an underground parking lot. This chapter describes the excavation of a site where Elijah Iles built his store in June 1821.

Keywords: Springfield; state capital; courthouse; statehouse; commercial district; archaeological sites; Elijah Iles

Chapter.  6927 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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