Fixing the State

in The Motherless State

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2009 | ISBN: 9780226514543
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226514567 | DOI:
Fixing the State

Show Summary Details


The problem with the United States is that, although hybrid symbolism is evident in the political campaigns of candidates, the state itself is deficient in this regard. A hybrid symbolism that works for race has worked for decades for sex, as women seeking access to political office assure voters they can be “male” while still being “female.” Liberalism can exacerbate political exclusion based on sex and gender. Liberal democracy can associate itself with women's maternalism by implementing welfare provision and gender quotas. Quotas are at the very heart of the American representative legislature and the American executive branch of government. Liberal individualism per se does not hinder women's access to political rule in the United States or elsewhere. On instrumental and normative grounds, electing more women to positions of political leadership is fundamental to fulfilling the promise of democracy.

Keywords: hybrid symbolism; United States; political campaigns; liberalism; liberal democracy; maternalism; welfare provision; gender quotas; liberal individualism; political leadership

Chapter.  9024 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.